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The Chevez Family of the Eastern Region
of El Salvador, Central America..
Submitted by L'Antonio Chevez

Mr. Leonel Antonio Chevez Cultural Prince of the Enchanted Valley, Chief of The Maya Lenca Nation of Managuara Najochan, Eastern El Salvador. (in exile) He is the youngest child of His lordship Jose Benito Chevez Romero and Lady Maria Angela Fuentes Larios .
Left to right: Royal Elder of the Maya Lenca people and her son Jose Benito Chevez, son of Juan Chevez who was the Grandson of Jean Francois Chevez a French army officer who was part of group of supporters of Luis Napoleon Bonaparte in his short exile in the San Miguel El Salvador, mid 1800.s. The arrival of the surname to El Salvador dates back to late early 1800.s when French revolutionaries left France and arrived to exile in the city of San Miguel. In 1820, the governor of San Miguel city was Gerardo Barrios, the son of a French revolutionary family that along with other influential French families had arrived in the region few decades earlier. Barrios made efforts to improve the conditions of the region, bringing more French professionals to teach arts, sciences and to introduce the French pastry industry. (1813, 1859 , 1860, 1865) (This region became very well connected with France and temporary home for exiled Luis Napoleon (Napoleon III) who arrived in the city looking for a place to stay among the French families that were successfully established in the Maya Lenca territory called Sesori Cacaguatique.(now Ciudad Barrios). When Gerardo Barrios became the President of the United Republics of Central America, he introduced the Napolionic code to El Salvador, reforming the legal and educational system.He also made the Catholic church to hand over the land and prohibited the monasteries and Catholic orders. During this period many Catholics were exile to other countries.Barrios was personal friend of Luis Napoleon and as such France sent a group of French soldiers to train the republican army of the newly independent nation.(for further information refer to the Central American periods of Francisco Morazan and Gerardo Barrios) Additional information of that period. Virtual American Biographies Francisco Morazan MORAZAN, Francisco (mo-rah-thahn'), Central American statesman, born in Tegucigalpa, Honduras, in 1799; died in San Jose, Costa Rica, 15 September, 1842. He was descended from a French West Indian family, received only a primary education from his uncle, the parish priest of Texiguat, and entered business" but when the independence of his country was declared in 1821, he began to take an active part in politics. The president of Honduras, Dionisio Herrera, appointed him secretary-general, and as such he assisted in the organization of the state, and was afterward elected member of the first representative council. When the troops that were sent by the government of Guatelnala, usurping preponderance in Federal affairs, invaded Honduras in 1827, Morazan, at the head of the state troops, resisted them, but was taken prisoner in Ojojona. He escaped, and,when he was about to sail for Mexico, was prevailed on in Nicaragua to take command of a force from Leon to liberate Honduras and Salvador. He marched to Honduras, defeated the Federal troops at Trinidad, took possession of Comayagua, and was declared president, and, collecting new forces, marched to Salvador, and on 6 July, 1828, totally defeated a GuateInalan army. The army of the Federals under Montufar surrendered on 10 September near San Salvador, and the last division capitulated at San Antonio on 9 October Morazan now occupied Ahuachapam with the allied forces of Salvador and Honduras, and invested Guatemala in February, 1829. He was defeated in Mixco, and retired to Antigua; but, after receiving re-enforcements, besieged Guatemala again, and occupied the city on 13 April. Barrundia, as eldest senator, was elected provisional president; but,after defeating insurrections at Olancho and Yore, Morazan, whose prestige was daily increasing, was elected to the Federal executive. He at once expelled the archbishop., Ramon Casaus, and, the Franciscan and Domimcan friars, who had violently opposed the Liberal party, and congress decreed the extinction of the male monastic orders, and the confiscation of their property by the state. In 1832 the chief of the state of Salvador, Cornejo, rebelled against the Federal government, and Morazan personally marched against him and defeated him at Jocoro (Eastern region)on 14 March, occupying the city of San Salvador on 28 March. In 1838 a revolution began in Guatemala under the leadership of Carrera (q. v.), and Morazan marched against him ; but, as he feared trouble in Honduras and Nicaragua also, he left in command Colonel Agustin Guzman (q. v.), who was forced to make a treaty with Carrera in Rinconcito on 23 December Morazan several times defeated the revolutionary forces in 1839, but meanwhile Carrera, assisted by the clergy and aristocracy, had overthrown the government of Guatemala. Morazan, by forced marches, captured that city at the head of 1,300 troops from Salvador on 18 March, 1840, but was besieged next day by Carrera with 5,000 men, and evacuated the city after a twenty-two hours' fight. Seeing the Federal power crumbling under the repeated revolutions, he resigned the executive on 5 April, and went to Peru with his principal followers. There he found assistance from political friends and Central American refugees, and, provided with arms and other resources, he invaded Costa Rica on 11 April, 1842, soon overthrew the government, and assumed the executive, lie was preparing an expedition to invade the other Central American republics for the re-establishment of federal unity, when the towns of Heredia, Alhajuela, and San Joss revolted, and he was delivered to the rebels and shot. Edited Appletons Encyclopedia, Copyright 2001 VirtualologyTM El Salvador 1800.s EVOLUTION OF THE MILITARY'S ROLE IN SOCIETY AND GOVERNMENT The Oligarchy's Private Army, 1824-1931 The Salvadoran Army, like others in the region, developed from the city-based militia of the colonial period. Suppression of frequent Indian rebellions throughout the region and enforcement of tax, labor, and other obligations required of the Indians were principal functions of the militia and incipient armies during colonial times and carried over into the immediate postcolonial period. General Manuel Jose Arce, the first president of a regional federation called the United Provinces of Central America, which was established in 1823, created the first genuinely Salvadoran army in 1824 (see El Salvador and the United Provinces of Central America , ch. 1). He did this by consolidating a number of widely scattered cavalry units, which had fought against incursions by the army of the self-proclaimed Mexican emperor Agustin de Iturbide, and placing them under a central command. El Salvador's Armed Forces Day, called the Day of the Salvadoran Soldier, has been celebrated ever since on the date of the formal unification, May 7. In 1825 two French military advisers helped to modernize Arce's militia, which saw considerable action in the internecine conflict between liberal and conservative forces. After the federation collapsed in 1840, newly independent El Salvador inherited most of Arce's troops. The resulting Salvadoran Army was basically a light cavalry with independent squadrons of dragoons. Unlike the region's other armies, most of which resembled bandit gangs during most of the nineteenth century, the Salvadoran Army had developed by the 1850s into a balanced and relatively disciplined force of infantry, cavalry, and artillery. Officers were almost exclusively criollos. President Gerardo Barrios (1858-63) brought in another French military mission, which reorganized the militia into a European style national army. Barrios also used Colombian advisers to improve the conduct, appearance, and discipline of the army and militia. In 1867 the French military mission assisted President Francisco Duenas (1852-58 and 1863-67) in establishing an officer-training school that eventually became the Captain General Gerardo Barrios Military Academy (Escuela Militar Capitan General Gerardo Barrios). The military supported the coffee oligarchy that emerged in the 1880s by functioning as an internal police force to suppress frequent peasant rebellions. In return, the landowners protected the military's interests and underwrote its expansion and professionalization, thereby laying the foundations of what became the most powerful institution in El Salvador in the twentieth century. President Carlos Erzeta (1890-94) founded the Military Hospital in San Salvador, opened the Noncommissioned Officers School (Escuela de Suboficiales), and employed a German military mission to reorganize and train artillery units. During the first half of the twentieth century, the military had a primarily internal security function and was involved in active hostilities on only one occasion, a brief war with Guatemala in 1906. A number of Chilean officers participated directly in El Salvador's campaign against Guatemala, forging a strong link between their country and El Salvador. The Chilean military attache, Carlos Ibanez de Campo, who later became president of Chile, personally led a legendary charge of the Salvadoran cavalry in one of the major battles, at Platanar. President Manuel Enrique Araujo (1911-13) implemented some army reforms that had a permanent effect on the security system. For example, he reduced its police functions. He also helped to professionalize the army by creating a general staff, an army educational corps, and a relatively efficient army reserve system. In 1922 El Salvador formed the Military Aviation Service (Servicio de Aviacion Militar--SAM) by acquiring five Italian bomber-reconnaissance aircraft. Beginning in 1929, the oligarchy relied increasingly on the military to suppress a series of major peasant rebellions in the coffee-growing areas of western El Salvador. President Arturo Araujo (March-December 1931) gave his vice president and minister of war, General Maximiliano Hernandez Martinez, a free hand to suppress the revolts. At the same time, however, Araujo alienated the military by slashing its budget and refusing to revise its pay procedures. Data as of November 1988 DATA SUMITTED BY L'Antonio Chevez

    Leonel Antonio Chevez
    Jose Benito Chevez
    Juan Chevez
    Jean Francois Chevez

Walk through America - Central-America

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